Amphibians

Reptiles

Lined Snake (Tropidoclonion lineatum)

Description

This smallish snake is brown with three stripes of light tan. The belly has a double row of dark half-moon markings.

Superficially, this species may resemble a Eastern Gartersnake. Identification can be confirmed by checking the belly.


Habitats

This species seems to prefer more open grassland where surface cover (rocks, boards, etc.) is present. They may be found in semi-suburban environments, such as abandoned lots, cemeteries, and the like.


Habits and Life History

This small, unassuming snake is most likely to be found by turning up rocks, logs, or leaf litter. It is more active at night, especially after heavy rains.

Breeding occurs in the fall, with females giving birth to live young the following fall.


Prey and Hunting Techniques

This species preys almost exclusively on earthworms and other soft-bodied invertebrates. It may hunt for these on the surface after heavy rains.


Temperament and Defense

This inoffensive snake does not bite if handled gently, though it may poop/musk. It has little in the way of defense other than its small size and burrowing nature. The striped patterning will disguise its direction when attempting to escape potential predators.


Conservation

As this species is not confirmed to occur in the state, no special status is attributed. In other parts of its range, its distribution seems somewhat spotty, but it may be locally abundance. It appears to do well in areas of past human disturbance, such as old farmland.


State Distribution and Abundance

This species has been confirmed in Oklahoma and in Texas in counties that border the state. In Arkansas, Sebastian, Scott, and Little River Counties may harbor this species. Until a record is confirmed by science, the presumed abundance is zero.

Gallery

Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Clutch Lined Snake Mother and Babies Lined Snake Mother and Babies Lined Snake Mother and Babies Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Clutch Lined Snake Clutch Lined Snake Clutch Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Clutch Lined Snake Clutch Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake Lined Snake

Contributors

  • kaptainkory December 16, 2006, at 02:54 PM (Original Contributor)

Bibliography

  • Behler, J. L., and F. W. King. 1979 (1987). The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. 3rd ed. Alfred A. Knopf, New York. 743 pp.
  • Conant, R., and J. T. Collins. 1998. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. 3rd ed., Expanded. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 616 pp.
  • Irwin, K. J. 2004. Arkansas Snake Guide. Arkansas Game and Fish Commission Pocket Guide. 50 pp.
  • Trauth, S. E., H. W. Robison, and M. V. Plummer. 2004. Amphibians and Reptiles of Arkansas. University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville. 421 pp.

Discussion

Edit - History - Recent Changes - Search
Page last modified on January 21, 2012, at 09:10 PM