Reptiles

Amphibians

Glossary

A - E

AOR
Alive on Road.
Aquatic
Dwelling in the water. Most reptiles and amphibians are technically semiaquatic.
Arboreal
Dwelling in the trees.

Barbel
Fleshy, whiskerlike protrusion from the head or chin.
Carapace
Upper shell of a turtle.
Carrion
Dead and decaying flesh.

Carnivorous
Preying upon other animals; "meat eater".
Cloaca
Common chamber of the urinary, digestive, and reproductive canals. Also called a vent. It is somewhat analogous to an anus.
Crepuscular
Active at dawn and dusk.
Dewlap
Loose fold of the neck, often used for mating or territorial displays.
Diurnal
Active during the daylight.
DOR
Dead on Road.

Dorsal
Pertaining to the upper surface. In vertebrates, the backside.
Dorsolateral
Intermediate area between the back and sides.

Eft
Mid-life terrestrial stage of a newt.

Endothermic
Producing body heat through internal metabolic reactions, as in birds and mammals; "warm blooded".

Ectothermic
Gaining body heat through external heat sources, as in amphibians and reptiles; "cold blooded".
Extant
Still having living members; not extinct.

Extinct
Having no living members.

Extirpation
Local extinction event.
Barbels
Fleshy, whiskerlike protrusion from the head or chin.
Carnivore
Preying upon other animals; "meat eater".
Carnivores
Preying upon other animals; "meat eater".
Dorsum
Pertaining to the upper surface. In vertebrates, the backside.
Efts
Mid-life terrestrial stage of a newt.
Endotherm
Producing body heat through internal metabolic reactions, as in birds and mammals; "warm blooded".
Endotherms
Producing body heat through internal metabolic reactions, as in birds and mammals; "warm blooded".
Ectotherm
Gaining body heat through external heat sources, as in amphibians and reptiles; "cold blooded".
Ectotherms
Gaining body heat through external heat sources, as in amphibians and reptiles; "cold blooded".
Extinction
Having no living members.
Extirpate
Local extinction event.
Extirpated
Local extinction event.
Extirpates
Local extinction event.

F - J

Fossorial
Dwelling underground.
Gravid
Bearing eggs or young; "pregnant".

Herbivorous
Consuming plant material; "plant eater".

Herp
From the Greek Herpeton. Refers to a reptile or amphibian.
Herpetocultural
Refers to the captive husbandry of reptiles and amphibians.
Herpetofauna
From the Greek Herpeton and "fauna", which means life. Refers to reptile and amphibian life.

Herpetologist
One who studies reptiles and amphibians.
Herpetology
The study of reptiles and amphibians.

Insectivorous
Preying upon insects, spiders, and other arthropods; "insect eater".
Herbivore
Consuming plant material; "plant eater".
Herbivores
Consuming plant material; "plant eater".
Herps
From the Greek Herpeton. Refers to a reptile or amphibian.
Herping
The activity of looking for "herps": reptiles and amphibians.
Herptile
Variation of "herp". From the Greek Herpeton. Refers to a reptile or amphibian.
Herptiles
Variation of "herp". From the Greek Herpeton. Refers to a reptile or amphibian.
Herpetologists
One who studies reptiles and amphibians.
Insectivore
Preying upon insects, spiders, and other arthropods; "insect eater".
Insectivores
Preying upon insects, spiders, and other arthropods; "insect eater".

K - O

Keel
A ridge. In turtles, refers to a middorsal ridge of the carapace. In snakes, refers to a longitudinal ridge on a dorsal scale.
Labial
Pertaining to the lips.

Larva
Early stage of development in an organism, prior to metamorphosis. In amphibians, the early aquatic form.
Lateral
Pertaining to the sides.

Metamorphosis
A transformation in which the previous life stage is markedly different than the resulting one.
Middorsal
Middle of the back. In vertebrates, refers to the "line of the backbone".
Nocturnal
Active at night.

Omnivorous
Consuming a variety of materials, both plant and animal.
Keels
A ridge. In turtles, refers to a middorsal ridge of the carapace. In snakes, refers to a longitudinal ridge on a dorsal scale.
Keeled
A ridge. In turtles, refers to a middorsal ridge of the carapace. In snakes, refers to a longitudinal ridge on a dorsal scale.
Larvae
Early stage of development in an organism, prior to metamorphosis. In amphibians, the early aquatic form.
Larval
Early stage of development in an organism, prior to metamorphosis. In amphibians, the early aquatic form.
Metamorph
An organism in a transitional period between major life stages.
Metamorphs
An organism in a transitional period between major life stages.
Metamorphized
Having undergone a transformation from an earlier life stage.
Omnivore
Consuming a variety of materials, both plant and animal.
Omnivores
Consuming a variety of materials, both plant and animal.

P - T

Parotoid Gland
Large wart-like gland located behind each eye of toads.
Plastron
Lower shell of a turtle.

Poisonous
Refers to an organism that carries a poison, but lacks an injecting mechanism. Compare to venomous.
Rugose
Rough in texture; ridged or wrinkled.

Scavenger
An animal that eats dead and decaying flesh.

Scute
A larger scale on a reptile; usually referencing turtle shell plates or larger scales on crocodilians.
Semiaquatic
Literally, "somewhat of the water". Dwelling in or near the water.

Tadpole
A larval frog.
Terrestrial
Dwelling on the ground.
Tympanum
Eardrum; usually in reference to the external ear disk of frogs.
Parotoid Glands
Large wart-like gland located behind each eye of toads.
Poison
A toxic substance that is swallowed or absorbed. Compare to venom.
Poisons
A toxic substance that is swallowed or absorbed. Compare to venom.
Scutes
A larger scale on a reptile; usually referencing turtle shell plates or larger scales on crocodilians.
Scavengers
An animal that eats dead and decaying flesh.
Tadpoles
A larval frog.

U - Z

Venomous
Refers to an organism that can inject venom via a delivery mechanism, such as stinger, fangs, etc. Compare to poisonous.

Ventral
Pertaining to the lower surface. In vertebrates, the belly.
Venom
A toxic substance that is delivered through means of a stinger or fangs. Compare to poison.
Venoms
A toxic substance that is delivered through means of a stinger or fangs. Compare to poison.
Venter
Pertaining to the lower surface. In vertebrates, the belly.

HomePage Mouseovers

Diversity

HP Lithobates catesbeianus
HP Terrapene carolina
HP Pantherophis obsoletus
HP Eurycea lucifuga
HP Plethodon fourchensis
HP Eurycea quadridigitata
HP Scaphiopus holbrookii
HP Carphophis amoenus
HP Desmognathus conanti
HP Plestiodon obsoletus
HP Hemidactylus turcicus
HP Desmognathus monticola

Alligator

HP Alligator mississippiensis

Lizards

HP Ophisaurus attenuatus
HP Crotaphytus collaris
HP Sceloporus consobrinus
HP Anolis carolinensis
HP Plestiodon fasciatus
HP Aspidoscelis sexlineata

Snakes

HP Agkistrodon contortrix
HP Agkistrodon piscivorus
HP Crotalus atrox
HP Crotalus horridus
HP Sistrurus miliarius
HP Micrurus tener
HP Coluber constrictor
HP Opheodrys aestivus
HP Tantilla gracilis
HP Diadophis punctatus
HP Nerodia erythrogaster
HP Thamnophis sirtalis

Turtles

HP Macrochelys temminckii
HP Graptemys ouachitensis
HP Trachemys scripta
HP Terrapene ornata
HP Sternotherus carinatus
HP Apalone spinifera

Frogs

HP Anaxyrus fowleri
HP Hyla cinerea
HP Gastrophryne carolinensis
HP Lithobates sphenocephalus
HP Scaphiopus hurterii

Salamanders

HP Ambystoma annulatum
HP Amphiuma tridactylum
HP Siren intermedia
HP Cryptobranchus alleganiensis
HP Necturus maculosus
HP Eurycea spelaea
HP Hemidactylium scutatum
HP Plethodon albagula
HP Notophthalmus viridescens

List Mouseovers

Snakes

L Agkistrodon contortrix
L Agkistrodon piscivorus
L Crotalus atrox
L Crotalus horridus
L Micrurus tener
L Sistrurus miliarius
L Cemophora coccinea
L Coluber constrictor
L Coluber flagellum
L Lampropeltis calligaster
L Lampropeltis holbrooki
L Lampropeltis triangulum
L Opheodrys aestivus
L Pantherophis emoryi
L Pantherophis obsoletus
L Pantherophis slowinskii
L Sonora semiannulata
L Tantilla gracilis
L Carphophis amoenus
L Carphophis vermis
L Diadophis punctatus
L Farancia abacura
L Heterodon platirhinos
L Nerodia cyclopion
L Nerodia erythrogaster
L Nerodia fasciata
L Nerodia rhombifer
L Nerodia sipedon
L Regina grahamii
L Regina rigida
L Regina septemvittata
L Storeria dekayi
L Storeria occipitomaculata
L Thamnophis proximus
L Thamnophis sirtalis
L Tropidoclonion lineatum
L Virginia striatula
L Virginia valeriae
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Page last modified on July 30, 2013, at 09:52 AM